Tag Archives: shooting

Bullet casting in easy steps



The melting point of lead is very low. It melts at 327,5 Celsius, and starts to evaporate strongly at 500 Celsius. The gases create lead-oxids with the air.  Lead can enter your body if you inhale the gases or the dust of the lead oxids or through the digestive system. Small amount can also enter your body through your skin, but this is only an evanescent quanitity. So I strongly recommend you to keep these simple rules:

  1. Always wear eye protection, a shirt with long sleeves, and gloves.

  2. I strongly recommend you to wear good quality respirators with a filter suitable for the gases of molten lead.

  3. Never take your clothes you use for casting into the house. Never mix them with other clothes.
  4. Always wash your hands and face after casting.
  5. Never eat or drink while casting. (Sorry guys, no beerdrinking either…)

  6. Keep children (and wife) away from the room when your are casting bullets.

  7. Put your melter in a well ventilated room, away from the kitchen. Best to cast bullets outside. Never inhale the gases of the molten lead.

  8. Keep water away from the molten lead. One drop of moisture, sweat or water will make your lead explode in your face.

Cleaning old pipes

  1. If you recycle old water pipes, cut the welded parts, and separate them. Pipes are welded with tin, so these parts are harder. They can be used for breach loading bullets.

  2. Melt the other parts of the pipes outside preferably on open fire.

  3. When the full content is melted, stir it well.

  4. Remove the residue of oxides, dirt and ashes with a metal spoon.

  5. Use a block mold to make one pound blocks for later use.

Bullet casting

  1. Melt your clean blocks.

  2. Put a piece of beeswax into the molten alloy, stir it well and ignite the flames. This is called fluxing, a chemical method for cleaning your alloy.

  3. Remove the dirt from the surface of the molten alloy.
  4. Find the good temperature. The more complex and the bigger your bullets are, the more heat they will need to have complete fill.

  5. Use a candle to apply smut on the inside of the cavity. This will help the bullet separate.

  6. Put one corner of the mold into the molten alloy, and wait until the lead does not stick to the metal.

  7. Pour the molten lead into the mold preferably with a cast iron ladle.

  8. Wait until the lead hardens on the spure cutter. Open the spure cutter, open your mold and examine the bullet: if it is not wrinkled and you see sharp edges, you are OK, the temperature is right. It should take 2-3 seconds fro the lead to harden on the spure cutter. If not, put the mold back into the alloy and wait another few minutes.

  9. Drop the bullets on the soft surface of a rag. If you want to make them a bit harder drop them into cool water.

General hints

  1. Examine the walls of the mold frequently. Lead drops can stuck to the surface and they will not let your mold block close perfectly.

  2. If you see “frost” on the bullet surface, and it takes too long for the lead to harden on the spure, your mold is overheated. Put it on a cold surface for a few minutes to cool.

Fine tuning

  1. Weight each and every bullet you cast. Keep the ones within +/- 0.5 % weight deviation.

  2. Size your bullets to exactly match your bore.

  3. Use good quality lubricant suitable for your gun.

17 simple rules of percussion revolver accuracy


  1. Always do everything the same way.

  2. While developing your load change only one element one time.

  3. Limit your load to the lightest possible still giving a tight group.

  4. Use corn meal filler to lift the ball to the level of the mouth of the chamber.

  5. Use the same volume of corn meal in all the chambers.

  6. Slug your bore and use a ball matching the groove to groove diameter of your bore.

  7. Slug your chambers: it should size the ball close to your groove to groove diameter.

  8. Slug all your chambers: all chambers must have the same diameter.

  9. Check the gap between the barrel breach and cylinder at all the six positions. The size of the gap is secondary. Primary it must be the same at every chamber.

  10. Check the size of the vent holes in the nipples frequently. Change the nipples when the hole is enlarged by 0.1 mm.

  11. Always apply the same force when ramming the ball in place.

  12. Check if your bore is perfectly in line with your chambers.

  13. Use good quality soft lubrication on the balls.

  14. Apply always the same amount of grease.

  15. Use only clean burning good quality black powder.

  16. Weight your bullets and powder charges as well with 0.1 grain accuracy.

  17. If you shoot an open top revolver check if the cylinder axis is not loose, it fits perfectly in the hole on the barrel assembly. Check the wedge after each shot, to have the same gap between the cylinder and barrel breach each time.

Shooting the Pedersoli High Wall rifle

highwall001John Moses Browning’s first rifle patent. One of the strongest and most reliable single shot designs of all times. 100 m tests.

It’s been 4 years now that the High Wall rifles, originally designed by John Moses Browning in 1878-79 and produced by Winchester from 1885 to 1920 became a member of the Pedersoli family. We offer these rifles in two varations and two calibers: Sporting and Classic vesrions in 38-55 and 45/70 calibers. Here is the 100 m test of the 45/70 version.